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What is infringement
or piracy?

Infringement, or piracy, is the (re)production and selling of seeds/plants of protected varieties or the use of protected product names and logos or packaging material and variety pictures without the explicit authorization of the rights holder.

Useful links


On the legal structure of IP Rights and Plant Variety Rights Protection:
  • UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) 
  • CPVO (Community Plant Variety Office)
  • PVPO (United States Plant Variety Office)
  • WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) 
  • TRIPS (Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)

On international enforcement agencies:

On international associations of the seed industry:
  • ISF (International Seed Federation) 
  • ESA (European Seed Association ) 

On anti-infringement activities in other sectors:
  • Ciopora (International community of breeders of asexually reproduced ornamental and fruit varieties) 
  • Breeders Trust (Anti-infringement Bureau for IP Protection on Seed Potatoes) 
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