On the legal structure of IP Rights and Plant Variety Rights Protection:

  • UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) 
  • CPVO (Community Plant Variety Office)
  • PVPO (United States Plant Variety Office)
  • WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) 
  • TRIPS (Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)

On international enforcement agencies:

On international associations of the seed industry:
  • ISF (International Seed Federation) 
  • ESA (European Seed Association ) 

On anti-infringement activities in other sectors:
  • Ciopora (International community of breeders of asexually reproduced ornamental and fruit varieties) 
  • Breeders Trust (Anti-infringement Bureau for IP Protection on Seed Potatoes) 

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